International Journal on World Peace is a quarterly, academic, and refereed journal related to all aspects of peace. It was initiated by scholars gathered at Arlie House in Virginia for a Professors World Peace Academy conference in 1983 and began publication with the September 1984 issue. The founding editor-in-chief was Panos D. Bardis, a professor of sociology at the University of Toledo, Ohio and also editor of International Social Science Review. In 1992, Gordon L. Anderson became the editor-in-chief. He was a member of the Board, whose Ph.D. is in Philosophy of Religion with a minor in Peace Studies and International Relations from Claremont Graduate University.
Editor-in-Chief
Gordon L. Anderson
Associate Editor
Mark P. Barry
Senior Editors
Nicholas N. Kittrie
Morton A. Kaplan
Subscription Manager
Rosemary Yokoi
EDITORIAL BOARD
Tom Abeles (USA)
Nansen Behar (Bulgaria)
Terry Beitzel USA)
John T. Blackmore (USA)
Tinatin Bochorishvili (Georgia)
Jan Brøgger (Norway)
Armando de la Torre (Guatemala)
Padmasiri de Silva (Sri Lanka)
June Teufel Dreyer (USA)
Lloyd Eby (USA)
Doris Gray (Morocco)
Stephen Healey (USA)
George Kaloudis (USA)
Robert E. Looney (USA)
Jaroslav Machácek (Czech Republic)
James R. Mancham (Seychelles)
Mwelwa Musambachime (Zambia)
Vladimir Petrovsky (Russia)
Ganesh P. Pokhariyal (Kenya)
Karl H. Pribram (USA)
J. Martin Ramirez (Spain)
W. Theo Roy (New Zealand)
Richard L. Rubenstein (USA)
R. J. Rummel (USA)
William J. Stover (USA)
Norman Swazo (Bangladesh)
Hans van der Giessen (USA)
Rene V.L. Wadlow (France)
Se Won Yoon (S. Korea)
The International Journal on WORLD PEACE (ISSN 0742-3640) is published four times annually; March, June, September, and December at: 3600 Labore Road, Suite 1, St. Paul, MN 55110. ©2016 by Professors World Peace Academy. All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be reproduced without written permission from the publisher. The views expressed are solely those of individual authors.POSTMASTER: Send address changes to International Journal on WORLD PEACE: Subscription Department, 3600 Labore Road, Suite 1, St. Paul, Minnesota 55110.

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